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Facts and Data

about the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is situated approximately in the centre of Europe and has an area of 78,866 sq. km. It is a landlocked country 326 km from the Baltic and 322 km from the Adriatic. It shares borders with Germany (810 km), Poland (762 km), Austria (466 km) and Slovakia (265 km). The highest point of elevation is the peak of Mt. Sněžka (1,602 m above sea level) and the lowest point of elevation is near Hřensko, where the Labe river leaves Czech territory (117 m above sea level).

Facts and Data

  • National Anthem: Kde domov můj (Where is my Home)
  • Area: 78,886
  • Capital: Prague (Praha) (population: 1,213,800)
  • Length of state border: 2,303 km
  • Population: 10,304,302
  • Population density: 131 inhabitants/sq. km
  • Time zone: Central European Time (CET)
  • Political system: Parliamentary democracy
  • Currency: Koruna (Kč) - Czech crown (CZK)


Basic Historical Outline

  • End of the 5th and beginning of the 6th century - arrival of Slavs in present-day Moravia and Slovakia
  • Second half of the 9th century - arrival of Christian missionaries
  • 9th century - 1306 a gradual strengthening of the Czech state during the reign of the Premyslid dynasty
  • 1346-1378 - the peak in the prestige and power of the kingdom of Bohemia during the reign of Charles IV
  • Beginning of the 15th century - a crisis of state leads to the Hussite movement
  • 1526 - the Habsburg dynasty succeeds to the throne of Bohemia - the formation of a multi-national empire
  • 1620 - the defeat of the Bohemian Estates at the Battle of White Mountain, continued centralisation of the Habsburg Empire
  • 28.10.1918 - foundation of an independent state of Czechs and Slovaks (Czechoslovakia)
  • 15.3.1939 - 9.5.1945 - German occupation
  • February 1948 - Communist takeover
  • August 1968 - Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact countries brings an end to the “Prague Spring” and the Communist Party’s attempt to build “Socialism with a human face”
  • November 1989 - fall of the Communist regime
  • 1.1.1993 Czech Republic founded after the split of Czechoslovakia
  • 1.5.2004 - Czech Republic entered EU

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